TIMESOFINDIA.COM | Last updated on – Mar 13, 2023, 20:00 IST
The introduction of ‘chutneys’ to the world
Chutney is a savoury condiment that is commonly used in Indian cuisine. It is often made by blending together various ingredients such as herbs, spices, fruits, and vegetables to create a delicious and flavourful accompaniment to a meal. The word ‘chutney’ is derived from the Hindi word ‘chatni’, which means to crush or grind. Chutneys were traditionally made by grinding together fruits & veggies with spices & salt using a mortar and pestle, but today they are often made using a blender or food processor. This method was used in the ancient India to preserve the fruits & veggies. From Dosa to Cheela, Samosa and Dahi Bhalla, we enjoy chutney with literally all kinds of food. This condiment is also used as a dip or spread for making a variety of sandwiches. In this article, we will share with you a brief history of how this condiment came to India and some common chutney recipes. Take a look. (Images courtesy: iStock)
History of Chutneys
The origin of ‘chutney or chatni’ can be traced back to ancient India, where it was an important part of the diet. This condiment was introduced to India during the Mughal era when the Mughal emperors brought with them a variety of culinary influences from their homeland in Central Asia. The Mughal kitchens were known for their elaborate feasts, which included a wide range of chutneys made with exotic ingredients such as saffron, rose petals, and dried fruits.
Role of chutneys in the past
When this method was adopted, the people of India started making chutneys with veggies and fruits by grinding them with spices & salt to preserve them spoiling. This was especially important during the monsoon season when fresh produce was scarce. Also, they were used to add flavour to bland foods as rice & lentils were the staple foods and the chutneys enhanced their taste. They were also used for flavouring meats and vegetables.
Common chutneys consumed in Indian cuisine
India is home to a wide variety of chutneys, each with its own unique flavour and texture. But, here is a list of some of the common chutneys that we consume regularly. They are quite incredible when it comes to taste and are rich in nutrition too.
This chutney is made by blending together fresh mint leaves, coriander leaves, green chillies, ginger, garlic, lemon juice, and salt. One can enjoy this chutney with literally any dish in the world. However, people love to have with tandoori & fried dishes.
Another popular chutney that’s very popular in southern India is prepared by sauteing tomatoes, onions, and garlic with spices such as cumin, coriander, and chilli powder. People love to consume this chutney with South Indian foods like Dosa, Uttapam, Idli, etc, though you can enjoy it with dal rice as well.
Remember the tangy yet sweet chutney that you love consuming with Dahi Bhalle, Tikki, Samosa and other chaats? It’s called tamarind chutney, which is made by simmering tamarind pulp with jaggery (unrefined cane sugar), dates, and spices such as cumin and coriander. It’s a great chutney that’s used for not only flavouring dishes but for digestive purposes as well.
This chutney is made by sauteing onions with spices such as cumin, mustard seeds, and red chilli powder. It is often served as a side dish with Dosas and Uttapams.
Be it any part of the country, this chutney is pure love, which one can consume on its own. Often, it is made by blending together fresh coconut, green chilies, ginger, and coriander leaves with a little bit of water. It is often served with Dosas and Idlis. People also add some peanuts while grinding this chutney as it brings that unique taste.
News Source: https://m.timesofindia.com/life-style/food-news/how-did-chutneys-came-to-the-world-history-and-5-most-popular-chutneys/amp_etphotostory/98609603.cms